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International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP)

ISSN: 2074-9074 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9082 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIGSP Vol.11, No.11, Nov. 2019

Arterial Parameters and Elasticity Estimation in Common Carotid Artery Using Deep Learning Approach

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Author(s)

Anoop Kumar Patel, Sanjay Kumar Jain

Index Terms

Carotid Artery Segmentation;Extreme Learning Machine;Cardiovascular Disease;Auto-encoder;Overlapping block

Abstract

The risk of cardiovascular diseases is growing worldwide, and its early detection is necessary to reduce the level of risk. Structural parameters of the carotid artery as intima-media thickness and functional parameters such as arterial elasticity are directly associated with cardiovascular diseases. Segmentation of the carotid artery is required to measure the structural parameters and its temporal value that is used to estimate the arterial elasticity. This paper has two primary objectives: (i) Segmentation of the sequence of carotid artery ultrasound to measure temporal value of intima-media thickness and lumen-diameter, and (ii) Young’s modulus of elasticity estimation. The proposed segmentation method uses the contextual feature of the image pattern and is based on multi-layer extreme learning machine auto-encoder network. This segmentation method has two parts: (a) region of interest localization and (b) lumen-intima interface and media-adventitia interface detection at the far wall. ROI localization algorithm divides the ultrasound frame into columns and also divides each column into overlapping blocks, ensuring that every column has a region of interest block. A multi-layer extreme learning machine with auto-encoder is trained with labelled data and in testing; system classifies the blocks into ‘region of interest’ and ‘non-region of interest’. Pixels belonging to the region of interest are classified in the first part and a similar network-based method is proposed for lumen-intima and media-adventitia interface detection at the near wall of the carotid artery. Structural parameter of the artery, intima-media thickness and lumen diameter are measured in a sequence of images of the cardiac cycle. The temporal values of structural parameters are used to estimate the young’s modulus of elasticity.

Cite This Paper

Anoop Kumar Patel, Sanjay Kumar Jain, " Arterial Parameters and Elasticity Estimation in Common Carotid Artery Using Deep Learning Approach", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.11, No.11, pp. 18-28, 2019.DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2019.11.03

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