### International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA)

*ISSN: *2074-904X (Print), *ISSN: *2074-9058 (Online)

*Published By: *MECS Press

*IJISA Vol.12, No.3, Jun. 2020*

#### A Novel Method to Solve a Class of Non-local Diffusion Optimal Control Problems by using Bernstein Polynomials

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#### Abstract

The aim of this paper is solving optimal control problems governed by non-local diffusion equations via a mesh-less method. The diffusion equation and in particular, the heat conduction equation is essential in sciences. This equation appears in many fields, such as engineering, electrostatic, and mathematics. For solving the mentioned optimal control problems, the method is established upon expanding of variables by the basis of Bezier functions. We apply, for the first time, the Bernstein approximation in solving an optimal control problem governed by the diffusion equation. A direct algorithm is given for solving this problem. Bernstein polynomials expand the trajectories and control functions with unknown control points. Then the optimal control problem is converted to a mathematical programming problem. By solving the mathematical programming problem, the approximated solution of trajectories and control are driven. The convergence of the method in approximating of the optimal control problem is proved. Some numerical examples for demonstrating the effectiveness of the method are included.

#### Cite This Paper

Ali Ketabdari, Mohammad Hadi Farahi, "A Novel Method to Solve a Class of Non-local Diffusion Optimal Control Problems by using Bernstein Polynomials", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.12, No.3, pp.35-45, 2020. DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2020.03.05

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