INFORMATION CHANGE THE WORLD

International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS)

ISSN: 2074-9007 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9015 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJITCS Vol.6, No.4, Mar. 2014

A Novel Circular Mapping Technique for Spectral Classification of Exons and Introns in Human DNA Sequences

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Author(s)

Mohammed Abo-Zahhad, Sabah M. Ahmed, Shimaa A. Abd-Elrahman

Index Terms

Genome, Codon, Exons, Introns, DNA sequence, Circular Mapping

Abstract

Signals that represent information may be classified into two forms: numeric and symbolic. Symbolic signals such as DNA symbolic sequences cannot be directly processed with digital signal processing (DSP) techniques. The only way to apply DSP in genomic field is the mapping of DNA symbolic sequences to numerical sequences. Hence, biological properties are reflected in a numerical domain. This opens a field to present a set of tools for solving genomic problems. In literature many techniques have been developed for numerical representation of DNA sequences. The main drawback of these techniques is that each nucleotide is represented by a numerical value depending on nucleotide type only ignoring its position in codon and DNA sequence. In this paper a new approach for DNA symbolic to numeric representation called Circular Mapping (CM) is introduced. It’s based on graphical representation of DNA sequence that maps each nucleotide by a complex numerical value depending not only on nucleotide type but also on its position in codons. The main applications of this method are the gene prediction that aims to locate the protein-coding regions and the classification of exons and introns in DNA sequences. The proposed approach showed significant improvement in exons and introns classification as compared with the existing techniques. The efficiency of this method in classification depends on the right choice of the mapping angle (θ) as indicated by the power spectral analysis results over the sequences of the human genome (GRch37/hg19).

Cite This Paper

Mohammed Abo-Zahhad, Sabah M. Ahmed, Shimaa A. Abd-Elrahman,"A Novel Circular Mapping Technique for Spectral Classification of Exons and Introns in Human DNA Sequences", International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science(IJITCS), vol.6, no.4, pp.19-29, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijitcs.2014.04.02

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