International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)
ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)
Published By: MECS Press
IJCNIS Vol.14, No.5, Oct. 2022
Image Hashing Through Spatio-triad Relationship
Full Text (PDF, 1066KB), PP.60-72
Authenticating the content of the digital image has profound influence in legal matters and in court rooms. Image forensics plays an important role towards it. Proposed approach helps to authenticate the original image by generating a content based image signature that is a unique fingerprint for the image. Our novel approach establishes spatio triad relationship among features and finds the centre of gravity or centroid of the same after indexing. Topology of the triad relationship for the content based low level feature descriptors is preserved through aggregation until single key feature is deduced which is a 128 bit signature hash value and represented in decimal form. Density of feature keypoints influences the centre of gravity which acts as a unique signature for the given image. Manipulated image cannot contribute to restore / regenerate the same signature. We have verified our authentication approach for standard benchmark image dataset like MICC-F220, Columbia Image Splicing Evaluation dataset and Image manipulation dataset from Friedrich Alexander University and have found satisfactory results for the same. Content based image signature obtained is used to verify authenticity of image and for retrieval of video from database. Content based image fingerprint generated can also be considered for embedding as a watermark.
Cite This Paper
Sowmya K. N., H. R. Chennamma, "Image Hashing Through Spatio-triad Relationship", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), Vol.14, No.5, pp.60-72, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijcnis.2022.05.05
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