International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA)

ISSN: 2074-904X (Print), ISSN: 2074-9058 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJISA Vol.14, No.3, Jun. 2022

Power System Stability Improvement by LQR Approach and PSS Considering Electric Vehicle as Disturbance

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Niharika Agrawal, Mamatha Gowda

Index Terms

Power System;oscillations;damping;frequency;transmission system;interconnection


Low frequency oscillations result due to heavy loading conditions line faults, sudden change of generator output and also due to poor damping of interconnected power systems. There are different types of disturbances in the power system like sudden change of load, generation, faults, switching of lines. This hampers the power transmission capacity of the lines and the stability of the system There are significant impacts on the system stability during the charging and discharging operation of Electric Vehicle (EV). In the present work the charging operation of EV is considered as a load disturbance. The introduction of these vehicles in the system creates the problem of low frequency oscillation and endanger the system stability and security. In the present work the Single machine infinite bus system (SMIB) is first developed using mathematical modelling with consideration of EV disturbance. The LQR approach from optimal control theory is then applied in the system to damp the system oscillations, improving the system eigenvalues and enhancing the stability. The stability is seen in the system after LQR from various figures. In the second work the plotting of variation of different state variables is done using three different methods which are the transfer function model method, using code and then using state space representation of the system. The work is further extended by adding Power system stabilizer (PSS) to the system, again considering the EV disturbance. The time domain simulation results showed the improvement in stability using PSS device. Thus, in the present work the oscillations problems created due to the introduction of electric vehicles are solved by two methods. The first is implementing LQR approach from optimal control theory in the system and the second method is by adding PSS device in the same system. 

Cite This Paper

Niharika Agrawal, Mamatha Gowda, "Power System Stability Improvement by LQR Approach and PSS Considering Electric Vehicle as Disturbance", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.14, No.3, pp.27-39, 2022. DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2022.03.03


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