International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS)

ISSN: 2075-0161 (Print), ISSN: 2075-017X (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJMECS Vol.13, No.5, Oct. 2021

ANEKA-based Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning Design and its Evaluation as Efforts for Improving Cognitive Ability and Positive Character of Students

Full Text (PDF, 615KB), PP.14-22

Views:2   Downloads:0


Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana

Index Terms

Learning Design, Asynchronous, Synchronous, ANEKA, Evaluation.


Quality of cognitive abilities and increased positive character of students in following a learning process during social distancing can still be realized even though the implementation is done from home. This can happen if a good learning design has been formed. Based on that situation, the purpose of this research was to show the existence of innovation in the form of a learning design that combines asynchronous and synchronous learning strategies by inserting ANEKA concepts. The method for developing this learning design was R&D which uses 4D design (Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate). Subjects who were involved in evaluation toward learning design were four experts. The location of this research was conducted at one of the IT Vocational School in the North of Bali region. Data collection techniques used questionnaires. Data analysis was conducted through a comparison technique between the effectiveness percentages of learning design with categorization based on the range of effectiveness percentages. The research results showed the effectiveness level of asynchronous and synchronous learning design based on ANEKA was included in the very high category with a percentage was 89.00%.

Cite This Paper

Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana, " ANEKA-based Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning Design and its Evaluation as Efforts for Improving Cognitive Ability and Positive Character of Students", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.13, No.5, pp. 14-22, 2021.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2021.05.02


[1]M.M. Hassan, T. Mirza, and M.W. Hussain, “A Critical Review by Teachers on the Online Teaching-Learning during the COVID-19,” International Journal of Education and Management Engineering (IJEME), Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 17-27, 2020.

[2]H.D. Surjono, A. Muhtadi, and D. Wahyuningsih, “The Implementation of Blended Learning in Multimedia Courses for Undergraduate Students in Indonesia,” International Journal of Information and Education Technology, Vol. 7, No. 10, pp. 783-786, 2017.

[3]R. Hogan, and M. Devi, “A Synchronous Pedagogy to Improve Online Student Success,” International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 61-77, 2019. 

[4]M.H. Lin, H.C. Chen, and K.S. Liu, “A Study of the Effects of Digital Learning on Learning Motivation and Learning Outcome,” EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, Vol. 13, No. 7, pp. 3553-3564, 2017.

[5]J. Politis, and D. Politis, “The Relationship Between an Online Synchronous Learning Environment and Knowledge Acquisition Skills and Traits: The Blackboard Collaborate Experience,” The Electronic Journal of E-Learning, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 196-222, 2016.

[6]V. Chauhan, “Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning,” Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 1345-1348, 2017. 

[7]G. Northey, T. Bucic, M. Chylinski, and R. Govind, “Increasing Student Engagement Using Asynchronous Learning,” Journal of Marketing Education, Vol. 2015, pp. 1-10, 2015.

[8]K. Hadullo, R. Oboko, and E. Omwenga, “Factors Affecting Asynchronous-Learning Quality in Developing Countries: A Qualitative Pre-study of JKUAT University,” International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 152-163, 2018.

[9]R.P. Gasparič, and M. Pečar, “Analysis of an Asynchronous Online Discussion as a Supportive Model for Peer Collaboration and Reflection in Teacher Education,” Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, Vol. 15, pp. 369-393, 2016.

[10]H. Al-Samarraie, “A Scoping Review of Video Conferencing Systems in Higher Education: Learning Paradigms, Opportunities, and Challenges,” International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 121-140, 2019.

[11]R.D.O.S. Carmo, and A.P. Franco, “From Face-to-Face Teaching to Online Teaching: The Learning of University Teachers in Distance Education,” Educação em Revista, Vol. 35, pp. 1-28, 2019.

[12]M.M. Shahabadi, and M. Uplane, “Synchronous and Asynchronous E-learning Styles and Academic Performance of E-learners,” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 176, pp. 129-138, 2015.

[13]A. Perveen, “Synchronous and Asynchronous E-Language Learning: A Case Study of Virtual University of Pakistan,” Open Praxis, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 21-39, 2016.

[14]L.A. Arasaratnam-Smith, and M. Northcote, “Community in Online Higher Education: Challenges and Opportunities,” The Electronic Journal of E-learning, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 188-198, 2017.

[15]E.G. Dada, A.H. Alkali, and D.O. Oyewola, “An Investigation into the Effectiveness of Asynchronous and Synchronous E-learning Mode on Students’ Academic Performance in National Open University (NOUN), Maiduguri Centre,” International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS), Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 54-64, 2019.

[16]M.L. Cacheiro-Gonzalez, A. Medina-Rivilla, M.C. Dominguez-Garrido, and M. Medina-Dominguez, “The Learning Platform in Distance Higher Education: Student’s Perceptions,” Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 71-95, 2019.

[17]B.A. Hibra, L. Hakim, and T. Sudarwanto, “Development of Vlog Learning Media (Video Tutorial) on Student Materials Tax at SMK PGRI 1 Jombang,” International Journal of Educational Research Review, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 435-438, 2019.

[18]D.L. Wardani, I.N.S. Degeng, and A. Cholid, “Developing Interactive Multimedia Model 4D for Teaching Natural Science Subject,” International Journal of Education and Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 63-72, 2019.

[19]G.A.D. Sugiharni, “The Development of Interactive Instructional Media Oriented to Creative Problem Solving Model on Function Graphic Subject,” Journal of Educational Research and Evaluation, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 183-189, 2018.

[20]S.A. Sari, and Y.S. Rezeki, “The Development of An Ingenious Circuit based  on  Chemo-Edutainment  Learning,”  International  Journal  of Educational Research Review, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 15-25, 2019.

[21]Sutirna, “Subject Teachers’ Perceptions of Academic Mentoring and Counseling Services,” COUNS-EDU:  The International Journal  of Counseling and Education, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp.129-133, 2019.

[22]I. Dalimoenthe,  E. Clara,  Y. Akmal,  A.T. Alkhudri,  B.P. Andhyni, and  I.D.  Sarwestri,  “Psycho-Social  Education  (PSE)  Model: Conceptualisation and Implementation  of Empowerment Models for Families Evicted From Cities,” International  Journal  of  Innovation, Creativity and Change, Vol. 13, No.1, pp. 1052-1072, 2020.

[23]M.R.R.  Razak,  M.  Dahong,  J.  Ahmad,  H.  Dema,  and  A.  Mustanir, “The  Effect  of  Siri’s  Marriage  on  Government  Administration,” International  Journal  of  Sciences:  Basic  and  Applied  Research (IJSBAR), Vol. 42, No. 3, pp.171-184, 2018.

[24]S. Nawawi, Nizkon, and A.T. Azhari, “Analysis of the Level of Critical Thinking Skills of Students in Biological Materials at Muhammadiyah High  School  in  Palembang  City,”  Universal  Journal  of  Educational Research, Vol. 8, No.3D, pp. 47-53, 2020.

[25]Y. Maryansyah, “An Analysis on Readability of English Reading Texts for Grade IX Students at MTSN 2 Kota Bengkulu,” Premise Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 69-88, 2016.

[26]H. Febriansyah, and D.M.A. Ramdlany, “The Future of Government Model After Mentality and Bureaucracy Reform in Indonesia,” The Social Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 7, pp. 1297-1304, 2016.

[27]D.G.H. Divayana, I.G. Sudirtha, and I.K. Gading, “Application Design of Countenance Evaluation based on Tri Hita Karana-ANEKA for Evaluating the Students’ Computer Capability and Students’ Character,” Cogent Psychology, Vol. 7, pp.1-18, 2020. 

[28]B. Rawat, and S.K. Dwivedi, “An Architecture for Recommendation of Coursesin E-learning System,” International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science (IJITCS), Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 39-47, 2017.

[29]H. Sofyan, E. Anggereini, and J. Saadiah, “Development of E-Modules Based on Local Wisdom in Central Learning Model at Kindergartens in Jambi City,” European Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 1137 -1143, 2019.

[30]S. Keskin, and H. Yurdugül, “Factors Affecting Students’ Preferences for Online and Blended learning: Motivational vs Cognitive,” European Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 72-86, 2019.