International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT)

ISSN: 2076-1449 (Print), ISSN: 2076-9539 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJWMT Vol.12, No.4, Aug. 2022

Survey on 5G and Future 6G Access Networks for IoT Applications

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Kok Yeow You

Index Terms

Internet of things (IoT), Fifth-generation (5G) wireless technology, Sixth-generation (6G) wireless technology, Long-range wide-area network (LoRaWAN), Sub-6 GHz, Millimeter wave (mmWave), Sub-millimeter wave, Radio access network (RAN)


This paper comprehensively reviews the recent 5G and future 6G Internet of Things (IoT) protocols/standards, applications, and access networks used. First, most of the IoT protocols/standards and application scenarios are summarized in the form of tables, pictures, and diagrams to facilitate readers to understand and compare current and future Internet of Things technologies more easily and quickly. Second, the terrestrial and aerial radio access networks are analyzed and discussed in detail. The evolution of 5G terrestrial access networks is briefly described and its performance limitations are quantitatively analyzed and discussed. When the operating frequency reaches the sub-millimeter wave band, the terrestrial radio access network will deal with high path loss caused by weather factors, such as oxygen and water vapor absorption in the atmosphere, rainfall, and cloud/fog attenuation. The development of aerial radio access networks is preparing for 6G IoT to solve the coverage and path loss issues. In this survey, the aerial radio access architectures and infrastructure are also surveyed. This survey aims to guide readers to better understand the technical status of 5G IoT and the milestones as well as key performance indicators that need to be reached for 6G IoT in the future.

Cite This Paper

Kok Yeow You, "Survey on 5G and Future 6G Access Networks for IoT Applications", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.12, No.4, pp. 26-47, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijwmt.2022.04.03


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