International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT)

ISSN: 2076-1449 (Print), ISSN: 2076-9539 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJWMT Vol.13, No.2, Apr. 2023

Performance Analysis of HWMP Protocol in Wireless Mesh Network

Full Text (PDF, 268KB), PP.37-42

Views:4   Downloads:1


Jyoti Mishra, Awadhesh Kumar, Akash Raghuvanshi

Index Terms

Mesh client, Mesh router, Routing Protocol, IEEE 802.115, Wireless Mesh Network (WMN)


Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) play a vital role in next-generation wireless networking, with applications ranging from last-mile wireless internet, transportation systems enterprise, enterprise networks, home networking, and wireless community networks are all examples of wireless community networks.Individual vendors created several proprietary mesh systems, but IEEE organized the IEEE 802.11s task force to design a meshed networking exposition to assure interoperability.In this paper, we evaluate the Quality of service parameters such as throughput, delay, PDR and jitter of mesh protocol.We simulated the HWMP protocol's performance,the present work is an attempt to address the problem related to wireless mesh networks by minimizing the delay and maximizing the throughput of the network.

Cite This Paper

Jyoti Mishra, Awadhesh Kumar, Akash Raghuvanshi, "Performance Analysis of HWMP Protocol in Wireless Mesh Network", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies(IJWMT), Vol.13, No.2, pp. 37-42, 2023. DOI:10.5815/ijwmt.2023.02.04


[1]I.F. Akyildiz and X. Wang "Wireless Mesh Networks", UK:  Wiley,2009,pp. 1-283.

[2]W. S. Conner, J. Kruys, K. Kim, J.C. Zuniga, "IEEE 802.11s Tutorial" , presented at IEEE 802 Plenary, Dallas TX, Monday, Nov 13, 2006, tutorials/nov06/802.11s - Tutorial - r5.pdf.

[3]Ramonaguerocalvo, Jesus perez campo "Adding multiple interface support in NS-2" , University of cantabaria, January 2007.

[4]Tom Imboden, Kemal Akkaya , Zach Moore, "Performance evaluation of wireless mesh networks using IEEE 802.11s and IEEE 802.11n" , IEEE International conference on communication (ICC) , June 2012, pp. 10-15.

[5]Pan Li, Nicola Scalabrino, Yuguang (Michael) Fang , Enrico Gregori and Imrich Chlamtac, "How to Effectively Use Multiple Channels in Wireless Mesh Networks" , IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS, VOL.20, NO.11, NOVEMBER 2009, pp.1641-1652


[7]Azhar Hussain Mozumder, Tapodhir Acharjee, Sudipta Roy, " Scalability performance analysis of  BATMAN and HWMP protocols in wireless mesh networks using NS-3" , International conference on Green Computing Communication and Electrical Engineering (JCGCCEE), March 2014, pp.1-5

[8]A. Neumann, C. Aichele ,M.Lindner and S .Wunderlich,  Better Approach To Mobile Ad-hoc networking (B.A.T.M.A.N)" , Work in Progress Technical Report , [online] . Available:

[9]HWMP specification, IEEE P802.11 Wireless LANs - Technical Report[online] 

[10]MareEsquiusMotote, IEEE 802.11s Mesh Networking Evaluation under NS-3", PROJECT FINAL DE CARRERA,   April 2011, pp.206-111.

[11]W.Zhang,Z.Wang,S.K.Das,andM.Hassan,WirelessMeshNetworks:Architecturesandprotocols. NewYork:Springer, 2008.

[12]F.AkyildizandX.Wang,"WirelessMeshNetworks:ASurvey,"Computer Networksand ISDN Systems, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2005, pp.445-487.


[14]M.Bahr,"UpdateontheHybridWirelessMeshProtocolofIEEE802.11s," IEEE Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, Pisa,2007,pp.1-6.

[15]MSIslam,MM.Alam,Md.AbdulHamid,EFT:ahighthroughputroutingmetricfor IEEE 802.11s wireless meshnetworks, Annals ofTelecommunicationsVolume65,Numbers5-6,247-262,2010.

[16]Malte Cornils, Michael Bahr, Thomas Gamer,Simulative Analysis of theHybridWirelessMeshProtocol(HWMP),EuropeanWirelessConference,2010

[17]Yu-JinSon,Sung-HeeLeeandYoung-BaeKo,"Session-orientedAdaptive Routing for Improving Path Stability in WLAN based MeshNetworks," 13th International Conference on Advanced CommunicationTechnology(ICACT)2011,PhoenixPark,Korea, Feb.2011.

[18]B.Nassereddine, A. Maach, S. Bennani, The Scalability of The HybridProtocolinWirelessMeshNetwork802.11s,MediterranneanMicrowaveSymposium (MMS),2009.

[19]Abolhasan M., Wysocki T. and Lipman J., Performance Investigation onthree-classes of MANET Routing Protocols, in the proceedings of Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications, 03-05 Oct. 2005 Page(s):774 -778

[20]AdyaA,Bahl P, Padhye J,Wolman A and Zhou L 2004 A multi-radiounification protocol For IEEE802.11 wireless networks. In Proc. AnnualInternationalConferencesonBroadbandNetworks(BroadNets).

[21]R. Draves, J. Padhye and B. Zill, Comparisons of routing metrics forstaticmultihopWireless Networks. InProc.ACM Annual Conferenceof the Special Interest Group on Data Communication (SIGCOMM),pp.133–144.2004

[22]ArafaturRahman,SaifulAzad,FarhatAnwar,IntegratingMultipleMetrics to Improve the Performance of a Routing Protocol over WirelessMeshNetworks,InternationalConferenceonSignalProcessingSystems, 2009.

[23]Qualnet-5.1 network simulator